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Home. Yet this story I once heard thus told by my father Nausithous, who was wont to say that Poseidon was wroth with us because we give safe convoy to all men. But when the hearts of all had taken pleasure in the contests, Laodamas, the son of Alcinous, spoke among them: “Come, friends, let us ask yon stranger whether he knows and has learned any contests. To the youths this is my command, but do you others, the sceptred kings, come to my fair palace, that we may entertain yon stranger in the halls; and let no man say me nay. Flashcards. [536] And straightway he spoke among the Phaeacians, lovers of the oar: “Hear me, leaders and counsellors of the Phaeacians, and let Demodocus now check his clear-toned lyre, for in no wise to all alike does he give pleasure with this song. Just as Calypso represented a temptation for Odysseus to give up his quest to return home, so does the flirting, beautiful, young Nausicaa, but Odysseus desire to return home is not swayed. There is a footrace, followed by wrestling, jumping, and discus-throwing. For among all men that are upon the earth minstrels win honor and reverence, for that the Muse has taught them the paths of song, and loves the tribe of minstrels.”, [482] So he spoke, and the herald bore the portion and placed it in the hands of the lord Demodocus, and he took it and was glad at heart. These they flayed and dressed, and made ready a goodly feast. He then moved into the midst, and around him stood boys in the first bloom of youth, well skilled in the dance, and they smote the goodly dancing floor with their feet. Edit. And when you have all duly lashed the oars to the thole-pins, go ashore, and then go your way to my house, and prepare a feast with speed; and I will provide bountifully for all. Book 23. jeesharu. The Odyssey, Books 1-8 . Revised Edition 2019 . Come then, let us give him a gift of friendship, as is fitting;  for twelve glorious kings bear sway in our land as rulers, and I myself am the thirteenth. But he can't tolerate an insult: his desire for glory, and its accompanying intolerance to shame, overtake his prudent desire to hide his identity. The texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. From the peg the herald hung the clear-toned lyre, and took Demodocus by the hand, and led him forth from the hall, guiding him by the self-same road by which the others, the nobles of the Phaeacians, had gone to gaze upon the games. And for thyself, may the gods grant thee to see thy wife, and to come to thy native land, for long time hast thou been suffering woes far from thy friends.”, [412] And Odysseus of many wiles answered him: “All hail to thee, too, friend; and may the gods grant thee happiness, and mayest thou never hereafter miss this sword which thou hast given me, making amends with gentle speech.”, [416] He spoke, and about his shoulders hung the silver-studded sword. So true is it that the gods do not give gracious gifts to all alike, not form nor mind nor eloquence. But now I am bound by suffering and pains; for much have I endured in passing through wars of men and the grievous waves. Book 20. Book 13. Soon shall both lose their desire to sleep; but the snare and the bonds shall hold them until her father pays back to me all the gifts of wooing that I gave him for the sake of his shameless girl; for his daughter is fair but bridles not her passion.”, [321] So he spoke and the gods gathered to the house of the brazen floor. Write. Yet, methinks, they will not wish to lie longer thus, no, not for a moment, how loving soever they are. Search this site. Alcinoös commands that a grand feast be held to honor Odysseus. When all is done, let the crew join me and my nobles for … But even in his quest for athletic glory, Odysseus remembers to be polite to his host—he manages to both pursue honor and glory and to remain pious, a tricky task that many men who don't have Odysseus's skill at self-restrain fail to accomplish. And let one go straightway and fetch for Demodocus the clear-toned lyre which lies somewhere in our halls.”. Learn. There the Graces bathed her and anointed her with immortal oil, such as gleams upon the gods that are forever. Share. 83% average accuracy. [521] This song the famous minstrel sang. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. [499] So he spoke, and the minstrel, moved by the god, began, and let his song be heard, taking up the tale where the Argives had embarked on their benched ships and were sailing away, after casting fire on their huts, while those others led by glorious Odysseus were now sitting in the place of assembly of the Trojans, hidden in the horse; for the Trojans had themselves dragged it to the citadel. But when he had spread all his snare about the couch, he made as though he would go to Lemnos, that well-built citadel, which is in his eyes far the dearest of all lands. Alcinous wakes at dawn and calls the assembly of old men. Now from all the rest he concealed the tears that he shed, but Alcinous alone marked him and took heed, for he sat by him and heard him groaning heavily. Homer, Odyssey, Book 8 As soon as early Dawn appeared, the rosy-fingered, the strong and mighty Alcinous rose from his couch, and up rose also Zeus-born Odysseus, the sacker of cities. Yet with men of former days I will not seek to vie, with Heracles or with Eurytus of Oechalia, who strove even with the immortals in archery. Athena rouses them to get up and go to the assembly. [121] A course was marked out for them from the turning point, and they all sped swiftly, raising the dust of the plain; but among them noble Clytoneus was far the best at running, and by as far as is the range of a team of mules in fallow land, by so far he shot to the front and reached the host, and the others were left behind. And when they had come down to the ship and to the sea, they drew the black ship down to the deep water, and placed the mast and sail in the black ship, and fitted the oars in the leathern thole-straps, all in due order, and spread the white sail. Book 14. For he is my host, and who would quarrel with one that entertains him? The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Sorrow is in my mind far more than contests, seeing that in time past I have suffered much and toiled much, and now I sit in the midst of your assembly, longing for my return home, and making my prayer to the king and to all the people.”, [158] Then again Euryalus made answer and taunted him to his face: “Nay verily, stranger, for I do not liken thee to a man that is skilled  in contests, such as abound among men, but to one who, faring to and fro with his benched ship, is a captain of sailors who are merchantmen, one who is mindful of his freight, and has charge of a home-borne cargo, and the gains of his greed. ddegreef. And Ares came into the house and clasped her hand and spoke and addressed her: “Come, love, let us to bed and take our joy, couched together. The episode resembles Odysseus's encounter with the Cyclops, whom he defeats using cunning despite his inferior strength. Save. 2. And many marvelled at the sight of the wise son of Laertes, for wondrous was the grace that Athena shed upon his head and shoulders; and she made him taller and sturdier to behold, that he might be welcomed by all the Phaeacians, and win awe and reverence, and might accomplish the many feats wherein the Phaeacians made trial of Odysseus. Book 22. So they two went to the couch, and lay them down to sleep, and about them clung the cunning bonds of the wise Hephaestus, nor could they in any wise stir their limbs or raise them up. Piety, Customs, and Justice. Alcinous asks them to provide a ship and crew for their anonymous guest, and then prepare for a … Book 16. Penelope & the Suitors, Odysseus' Tale: Aeolus, Laestrygones & Circe, [1] As soon as early Dawn appeared, the rosy-fingered, the strong and mighty Alcinous rose from his couch, and up rose also Zeus-born Odysseus, the sacker of cities. In build, surely, he is no mean man, in thighs and calves, and in his two arms above, his stout neck, and his great might. Thither they came and sat down on the polished stones close by one another; and Pallas Athena went throughout the city, in the likeness of the herald of wise Alcinous, devising a return for great-hearted Odysseus. The Odyssey: Book 8 Summary & Analysis Next. Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Book 11 Book 12 Book 13 Book 14 Book 15 Book 16 Book 17 Book 18 Book 19 Book 20 Book 21 Book 22 Book 23 Book 24 Themes All Themes Fate, the Gods, and Free Will Piety, Customs, and Justice Cunning, Disguise, and Self-Restraint Memory and Grief Glory and Honor 3 years ago. And he sang how the sons of the Achaeans poured forth from the horse and, leaving their hollow ambush, sacked the city. The slow catches the swift; even as now Hephaestus, slow though he is, has out-stripped Ares for all that he is the swiftest of the gods who hold Olympus. But straightway one came to him with tidings, even Helius, who had marked them as they lay together in love. Fate, the Gods, and Free Will. Thy journey shall no more be long delayed, nay, even now thy ship is launched and the crew is ready.”, [152] Then Odysseus of many wiles answered him, and said: “Laodamas, why do ye mock me with this challenge? Nay, in three ways did counsel find favour in their minds: either to cleave the hollow timber with the pitiless bronze, or to drag it to the height and cast it down the rocks, or to let it stand as a great offering to propitiate the gods, even as in the end it was to be brought to pass; for it was their fate to perish when their city should enclose the great horse of wood, wherein were sitting all the best of the Argives, bearing to the Trojans death and fate. Then the fire played about the belly of the cauldron, and the water grew warm; but meanwhile Arete brought forth for the stranger a beautiful chest from the treasure chamber, and placed in it the goodly gifts, the raiment and the gold, which the Phaeacians gave. They levelled a place for the dance, and marked out a fair wide ring, and the herald came near, bearing the clear-toned lyre for Demodocus.

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